In 2015 the Japanese Government launched ‘Towards Open Science Policy in Japan’, a programme on Open Science.
At present Open Science is fostered mainly at a political level but other stakeholders are becoming involved as well. In 2013 the Japan Science and Technology Agency adopted an open access policy at a recommended level. In 2015 Kyoto University stated that the University would offer open public access to Kyoto University Faculty Research through its repository, and several other universities in Japan are also in the process of doing so. Work on developing OS infrastructures has also begun. The National Institute of Informatics is building up a research data platform in support of Open Science. A very interesting Institutional Repository cloud solution is being implemented, and discussion of Open Science is beginning at an institutional level.
The National Diet Library, which is both the Library of the Parliament and the National Library, organised an Open Science Symposium in Tokyo on 15 November 2016 on the theme of ‘Trends in Open Science and the Role of Libraries‘.
The keynote address was given by LIBER President Kristiina Hormia-Poutanen, and there was a presentation by Dr Yasuhiro Murayama, Research Executive Director, Big Data Integration Research Center, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT). In addition to the presentations, a panel discussion also took place. As well as the two speakers, Dr Masaru Kitsuregawa, Director-General of the National Institute of Informatics (NII), took part in the panel discussion.
In association with the Symposium, visits to the University of Tokyo Library System and the National Institute of Informatics (NII) were arranged. The discussion at Tokyo University Library focused primarily on licensing, and that at NII on Open Science infrastructure development.
JUSTICE (Japan Alliance of University Library Consortia for E-Resources), a licensing consortium, was established in 2011. Its offices are hosted by NII, and the consortium has 523 members and has signed 25 licensing agreements with major publishers. The consortium is currently running a study on OA publishing and APC spend in Japan.
The Japanese academic network was upgraded to 100G in 2016 and forms the backbone for the development of Open Science infrastructure. Several infrastructure elements such as management, publication and discovery infrastructure are under development.
The Symposium, visits and the two workshops were organised by the Diet Library. The workshops focused on different aspects of Open Science, with 20-25 librarians attending each workshop. The discussion at the workshops was very lively. Based on the discussions, it is obvious that there is keen interest in the Library taking up a strong role in Japanese Open Science development.
It is obvious that in Japan as in Europe there is an essential need for raising awareness and training. LIBER very much welcomes collaboration with Japanese colleagues on this aspect. For example, LIBER’s Leadership Seminars (for senior staff and for library directors) are open to international participants.
The challenges of Open Science are the same across the globe. Developments may be at different stages in different areas of the world but the core challenges are identical. International collaboration is key to overcoming these challenges.